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Why It's Dry Season, Not Summer in the Philippines, According to Science

We only have two seasons.
by Pia Regalado
Mar 16, 2022
Photo/s: Shutterstock

Scientifically speaking, you're working for a dry season body, not a summer body, since the Philippines by virtue of its location on the planet  has only two seasons.

On March 16, PAGASA declared the start of the dry season, giving millions emerging from lockdown all the summer feels. Except that summer is one of four seasons in other countries  that follow spring, and come before fall and winter.

Seasons depend on location

The earth's axis has a tilt that dictates which locations will receive more sunlight. When it tilts toward the sun, summer occurs. Winter comes when the earth tilts away from the sun, Australia's Bureau of Meteorology (BOM)said. 

The polar regions of the north (Antarctica) and south (Arctic) have no direct sunlight, which means cold temperatures all year round even in the middle of summer, according to NASA. 

Temperate climate zones are the areas between the Arctic circle and the Tropic of Cancer in the northern hemisphere and the areas between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle in the south hemisphere. Countries in these areas, like the U.S., experience four seasons, including summer.

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Tropical countries like the Philippines, located near the equator, or the invisible line that divides the planet between north and south, receive more sunlight, resulting in smaller shifts in temperature.

PAGASA said it uses temperature and rainfall as bases in determining the climate: rainy season from June to November and the dry season, from December to May. Dry season is further subdivided into two: the cool, dry season from December to February; and hot, dry season from March to May.

Despite this, rainy days, albeit lesser than usual, may still happen during dry season, meteorologist Alvin Pura said in his blog.


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